Do people with depression experience worse symptoms at certain times of the day?
Published31 Jul 2013
Reviewed31 Jul 2013
While people with depression can experience severe lows at any point during the day, many experience worse symptoms in the morning. When this happens, a person may find their energy and motivation is so low that even the act of getting out of bed early in the day feels impossible. These symptoms gradually improve over the course of the day, so that by early evening the individual may feel up to everyday activities such as cooking dinner, taking out the garbage, or even going out with friends.
Such significant changes in mood can be terribly demoralizing for a person with depression, as each evening they may think the symptoms of the illness are over, only to wake up the next day feeling as sad, empty, and unmotivated as ever. It can also be very confusing to family members and friends who simply can't understand why, if their loved one seemed just fine last night, they are dragging again the next day.
Some studies suggest that the extreme fluctuations in mood, energy, and motivation present in many people with depression may be caused by a misalignment of the body's internal clock (physiological or behavioral changes that follow a roughly 24-hour cycle) and external time of day. These and other studies have led scientists to explore depression treatments focused on resetting the body's clock using such techniques as bright light treatment, sleep deprivation, and new antidepressant medications.
In general, any successful depression treatment — whether it be medication, bright light treatment, sleep deprivation, a depression-specific psychotherapy, or a combination of these treatments — will also be effective in stabilizing a person's mood.
Ellen Frank is professor of psychiatry and psychology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. She is director of the Depression and Manic Depression Prevention Program and is the principal investigator and co-principal investigator on multiple research programs evaluating the effectiveness of psychotherapy and medication interventions in patients with mood disorders.
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Disclaimer: BrainFacts.org provides information about the field's understanding of causes, symptoms, and outcomes of brain disorders. It is not intended to give specific medical or other advice to patients. Visitors interested in medical advice should consult with a physician.
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